Laws regarding CCTV installation at home in India

laws regarding installing cctv in india

Crime, unfortunately, still runs rampant across the nation. Reports of robbery, violence, and armed assault are rife and pop up anywhere at any time. In this day and age, it is sensible when people talk about installing closed-circuit TV cameras at their homes or domestic areas.

It helps homeowners keep a watch on the comings and goings of all suspicion-arousing people in and around their homes. In shops and showrooms, CCTV cameras are installed at almost every possible place, therefore, people are not alien to the concept. Installing one at your home, however, is a different ballgame.

What needs to be kept in mind?

The laws regarding the installation of CCTV cameras at homes are different to those that govern such installations in public places. To be clear, there is no restriction on installing cameras in your private premises, as long as it does not invade the privacy of people living in your neighbourhood.

If cameras installed by you capture images of other people’s homes or private property, they could land you in serious trouble. Acts such as voyeurism are criminal offences, and CCTV cameras should strictly not be used for such purposes.

It would also be good practice to intimate the local police about the installation of CCTV cameras at your premises. If you are a resident of a society or complex, then you may also intimate the authorities or resident welfare associations about any CCTV installations you have planned. However, do note that such intimation is not mandatory by any means.

Privacy and public nuisance

The main rules and laws that need to be kept in mind while installing CCTV cameras are those regarding the violation of privacy rules and laws. Recent incidents in showrooms and shops where cameras have been allegedly pointing towards trial rooms are enough proof that CCTV can be used for malicious intent.

Privacy is a fundamental right, and all CCTV installations at your verandas or front porches must make sure to not violate this right.

Another law that would be good to keep in mind is the section 290 of the Indian Penal Code, which governs public nuisance cases. Strategic placement of CCTV cameras in your premises could help you avoid such lawsuits.

It is understandable if residents want to install CCTV cameras at their premises or domestic properties. Due to increasing reports of crime every day, it is a logical and justified step.

Keeping in mind the aforementioned laws and regulations, citizens can employ CCTV cameras for surveillance at their homes without any worries of breaking the laws or attracting lawsuits.

As long as privacy is not violated, and any public nuisance is not created, you should be in the clear. If you still need any further advice, talking to the local police forces would certainly be of great help.

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