CCTVs are some of the most cost-effective security systems. Business and commercial enterprises are now using CCTV cameras to protect their homes. Nowadays CCTV cameras are frequently used even in residential spaces. CCTV helps in enhancing the security of homes, your family members etc.
A CCTV system requires low maintenance and once installed they have a greater reliability. They help you to identify strangers and detect, stop any unusual activity. It’s always a good idea to get a professional to install CCTV system for you but this article will help you understand the whole process.
A vital part of installing a CCTV camera system is selecting the right place for camera and DVR (something like a CPU that is connected to the camera and records footage). We have to consider that the camera coverage should be maximum, and the cable length should be minimum.
If you are installing the system indoors, it is better to select a corner from where the entrance to the room is visible and a power source is close by. If you are installing the system outdoors, select the highest spot so that it does not have any obstructions and cannot be tampered with easily. Try to install it at a high level on a wall from where the entire that is required to be monitored is covered.
For installing a basic wired camera system, you will need the following components:
- Cables (Ethernet if you are using digital cameras, else BNC)
- A monitor
- Drill and other tools
Setting up and testing
All CCTV system consists of a set of cameras which are connected directly to a DVR. The BNC is used for connecting analog camera systems and Ethernet cables are used for digital systems. The cameras are connected to the DVR and this, in turn, is plugged into a direct power source. An external monitor can be connected to the DVR box which can manage the whole system. The monitor will also allow you to view all camera feeds real-time and manage recordings. Set this up to test before going for the installation.
1) Decide the place
Deciding a place is the first step for the installation of CCTV cameras. Several factors need to be considered for this, including the areas that you need to cover and proximity to a power source. As a general rule, a good idea is to install a camera at a high level outside the front door. Routing the cable to connect the camera to DVR box will be a tough task, so make sure you find options for this. Another suggestion is to install the system on the ceiling or close to it so that you can run the cables above any false ceiling.
2) Start the installation
Drilling would be required to install a camera. In case you are just drilling through wood, a regular power drill would be enough. But if the infrastructure is such that you have to drill through brick or stone, you will need a hammer drill.
Ask a carpenter to start the process by marking a hole if you have difficulty handling this part. If the camera comes with a template sticker the process could be simpler, but if there is no such sticker, place the camera on exact spot and mark the holes with a pencil.
3) Connect the camera to cables
Once you have drilled the holes and set up the cameras, you have to connect the cables. Now according to the structure of your house, you can decide from where you will run the cable connections. But if you would like to avoid eyesore, drilling holes through the wall or ceiling or using conduits would be the best idea. You can make use of a fish tape in this process to pull the wire. Once the cables are in place, connect them to the cameras.
4) Connect the cable to DVR box
Now, once all the cables are connected to the camera, you can route their other ends to the DVR. For this, you may have to use the fish tape and power drill again. You can use wire mouldings to keep the wire managed and safe.
5) Decide the location of DVR
All your CCTV recording will be stored inside the DVR, which has a hard disk. So its location is critical. It should be kept at an isolated place or in a locked room in such a way that even if an intruder comes across the device, they would not be able to tamper with it.
6) Sign-up process
Once the cameras and DVRs are in place and connected to each other and to a power source, the final step for installation of wired CCTV camera is getting familiar with the user interface. DVRs usually come with their own video management software, or you can use third-party applications that would support the camera models you use.
Create a password, set the date and time, and go through a quick tutorial of the whole system. This is extremely important. After this, check out the different options available in the software to change camera settings and customise things like the quality of the recorded video.
Now that you have successfully installed a wired CCTV camera system at your home, you can view the footages live and be sure that they are recorded as per your requirements. A CCTV surveillance is also appealing when you are estimating the insurance policy premium of your home.